Osseous Surgery – A Comprehensive Guide to Restoring Your Oral Health

Osseous surgery is a commonly performed dental procedure that involves restoring lost tissues and bone around teeth affected by gum disease. This procedure is necessary when other periodontal treatments fail to restore oral health. If your dentist has recommended osseous surgery, understanding its types, benefits, risks, and recovery is necessary. This article will provide you with a comprehensive guide to osseous surgery, enabling you to make an informed decision.

Understanding Osseous Surgery

Osseous surgery is a restorative dental procedure that involves removing bacteria, calculus, and damaged tissues around teeth and bones capable of supporting them. This procedure aims to restore the health of teeth affected by gum disease, preventing future dental problems like tooth decay, tooth loss, and bone loss. Osseous surgery differs from other periodontal treatments like scaling and root planing by the extent of bone and gum tissue removed.

Types of Osseous Surgery

Several types of osseous surgery procedures are performed, depending on the extent of damage to your teeth and surrounding tissues. Flap surgery is one of the most common types of osseous surgery procedures performed. This procedure involves lifting the gums and removing damaged tissues and bones before repositioning the gums to facilitate healing. Bone grafting procedures, on the other hand, involve transplanting bone tissue from other parts of the body or using synthetic bone materials to replace lost bone and promote regeneration.

Pre-operative Phase

Before the osseous surgery procedure, diagnostic imaging like x-rays or CT scans is necessary to determine the extent of bone and tissue damage. Consultations with your dentist or periodontist are also critical in managing your expectations and identifying any pre-existing medical conditions that can contribute to complications after the surgery.

The Osseous Surgery Procedure

During the osseous surgery procedure, local anesthesia or sedation is administered, depending on the extent of the surgery and your comfort level. The surgeon then removes bacteria and damaged tissues and sutures the gums back into place. The length of the procedure is dependent on the extent of damage and the type of surgery performed.

Postoperative Phase

After the surgery, you will receive instructions on how to care for the surgical site, including dietary modifications, oral hygiene practices, and medication management to manage pain and prevent infection. Regular follow-up appointments are critical in removing stitches and monitoring the healing process. Patients must avoid smoking and alcoholic beverages during the healing process to promote better healing outcomes.

Benefits of Osseous Surgery

Osseous surgery benefits include restored oral functions, preventing future dental problems, and improved oral health. Restoring the lost tissue and bone enables you to enjoy eating, speaking, and smiling without worrying about tooth loss or bone loss. Additionally, osseous surgery procedures can prevent future dental problems like tooth decay and halitosis.

Risks of Osseous Surgery

Like any surgical procedure, osseous surgery presents potential risks and complications, including infection, bleeding, pain, and sensitivity. However, these risks are rare and can be minimized by following your surgeon's postoperative instructions, maintaining good oral hygiene practices, and taking medication as directed.

Who is a Good Candidate for Osseous Surgery?

Good candidates for osseous surgery include patients diagnosed with severe gum disease, bone loss, and periodontal pockets. Patients who have poor oral hygiene, systemic medical conditions like diabetes, and smoke may not be eligible for the surgery. Consultations with your dentist or periodontist are necessary to determine your suitability for osseous surgery.


In conclusion, osseous surgery is a restorative dental procedure that aims to restore lost tissue and bone around teeth affected by gum disease. With various types of osseous surgery procedures available, patients can choose the appropriate surgery that suits their needs to promote better oral health outcomes. Following pre-operative and postoperative instructions, managing your expectations, and avoiding risk factors like smoking can help you avoid complications associated with these procedures. If you require osseous surgery, consult with your dentist or periodontist to determine your suitability and manage your expectations.

What Some of Our Patients are Saying

Mariaelena Carrillo
Everyone is very friendly and understanding! I got my wisdom teeth removed from this location and I wasn’t feeling too good after and they helped watch over me and next thing you know I’m feeling way better after a few minutes of their help!:) I come back in for my checkup appointment and they were super helpful with any questions I had and the healing process went smoothly!
This is a very conscientious Practice. I Love my Periodontist Mr. SHELDON LU, DMD, MS he is caring, Extremely thorough , Answers all my questions with pleasure. Office staff Nancy, Maria and the rest of the staff there are same as Mr. SHELDON LU!! I’m glad I found him , and his wonderful staff. Makes a difference to me when people care. I would recommend this office anyone five stars ⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️from me , thank you for everything.
Victoria Shebala
Dr Lu is an excellent periodontist. He doesn’t believe in giving a patient too many medications when they are not necessary. He really cares about his patients. He makes sure to keep the patient’s teeth and gums clean to prevent any serious gum disease. I am one of his patients and highly recommend him. The members of his office staff and assistants are very professional.
Queenie Zhao
The clinic recommended by a friend specializing in the treatment of periodontal disease provided me with satisfactory service from the appointment to the post-operative period. Dr. Lu is very professional,he’s so considerate and gently answered my questions, he also taught me how to take care of my teeth every day. The front desk and the dental assistant are very warm and polite too.
Peterzj Luo
Small office, but very cozy and friendly. This is my first visit. I am very much impressed by Dr. Lu's professionalism and expert knowledge. He did a thorough examination and explained treatment options in easy-to-understand language. I feel very comfortable and well treated. I definitely would come back and recommend to others.
Farhat Farooqui
I was nervous before my tooth extraction and grafting procedure, but I knew I was in good hands with Dr Sheldon Lu and his staff. Dr Lu’s expertise and gentleness, and his staff’s efficiency and genuine concern for the patients made the surgical experience as pleasant as such a procedure can be. I would recommend Iconic Periodontics 100% to anyone. Thank you, Dr Lu and staff!
Stilian Halembakov
Very friendly and nice team. Dr Sheldon Li is soft-spoken and gentle, thorough in his dental expertise without pushing for a decision on proposed action plan. Highly recommended !
Julisa T
I love this dentist office. The front office is always kind, professional and very efficient. The dentists are always gentle quick and do an amazing job. I am a big chicken when it comes to any kind of invasive procedures, even minor ones. But I always feel at ease when I come here.10 ⭐️’s
Jennifer Joy Miller
From the first point of contact on the phone I knew IPDI was a great place. After meeting Dr. Sheldon Lu, it was clear we’d found a gem. Dr Sheldon Lu and his team are professional, genuinely kind, caring and confident. You feel like not only have you met a great dentist, but made a new friend. Dr. Sheldon Lu is an honest dentist who instills trust in his patients by being upfront and genuine. I appreciate each staff member as well. Kind, clear and positive people work here.
Phuongut Huynh
I had a wonderful experience at this place . Service was fast and the staff were very friendly. They made sure all concern I had about my teeth were answer . They took time to answer my questions and explain everything well to me . I came for a regular check up and cleaning done . The place was very nice. I usually don’t liked coming to a dentist office but for sure I will return back for my next checkup and cleaning Thanks to Dr Sheldon luu and his wonderful staff for such taking good care of me !

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