Osseous surgery is a commonly performed dental procedure that involves restoring lost tissues and bone around teeth affected by gum disease. This procedure is necessary when other periodontal treatments fail to restore oral health. If your dentist has recommended osseous surgery, understanding its types, benefits, risks, and recovery is necessary. This article will provide you with a comprehensive guide to osseous surgery, enabling you to make an informed decision.
Osseous surgery is a restorative dental procedure that involves removing bacteria, calculus, and damaged tissues around teeth and bones capable of supporting them. This procedure aims to restore the health of teeth affected by gum disease, preventing future dental problems like tooth decay, tooth loss, and bone loss. Osseous surgery differs from other periodontal treatments like scaling and root planing by the extent of bone and gum tissue removed.
Several types of osseous surgery procedures are performed, depending on the extent of damage to your teeth and surrounding tissues. Flap surgery is one of the most common types of osseous surgery procedures performed. This procedure involves lifting the gums and removing damaged tissues and bones before repositioning the gums to facilitate healing. Bone grafting procedures, on the other hand, involve transplanting bone tissue from other parts of the body or using synthetic bone materials to replace lost bone and promote regeneration.
Before the osseous surgery procedure, diagnostic imaging like x-rays or CT scans is necessary to determine the extent of bone and tissue damage. Consultations with your dentist or periodontist are also critical in managing your expectations and identifying any pre-existing medical conditions that can contribute to complications after the surgery.
During the osseous surgery procedure, local anesthesia or sedation is administered, depending on the extent of the surgery and your comfort level. The surgeon then removes bacteria and damaged tissues and sutures the gums back into place. The length of the procedure is dependent on the extent of damage and the type of surgery performed.
After the surgery, you will receive instructions on how to care for the surgical site, including dietary modifications, oral hygiene practices, and medication management to manage pain and prevent infection. Regular follow-up appointments are critical in removing stitches and monitoring the healing process. Patients must avoid smoking and alcoholic beverages during the healing process to promote better healing outcomes.
Osseous surgery benefits include restored oral functions, preventing future dental problems, and improved oral health. Restoring the lost tissue and bone enables you to enjoy eating, speaking, and smiling without worrying about tooth loss or bone loss. Additionally, osseous surgery procedures can prevent future dental problems like tooth decay and halitosis.
Like any surgical procedure, osseous surgery presents potential risks and complications, including infection, bleeding, pain, and sensitivity. However, these risks are rare and can be minimized by following your surgeon's postoperative instructions, maintaining good oral hygiene practices, and taking medication as directed.
Good candidates for osseous surgery include patients diagnosed with severe gum disease, bone loss, and periodontal pockets. Patients who have poor oral hygiene, systemic medical conditions like diabetes, and smoke may not be eligible for the surgery. Consultations with your dentist or periodontist are necessary to determine your suitability for osseous surgery.
In conclusion, osseous surgery is a restorative dental procedure that aims to restore lost tissue and bone around teeth affected by gum disease. With various types of osseous surgery procedures available, patients can choose the appropriate surgery that suits their needs to promote better oral health outcomes. Following pre-operative and postoperative instructions, managing your expectations, and avoiding risk factors like smoking can help you avoid complications associated with these procedures. If you require osseous surgery, consult with your dentist or periodontist to determine your suitability and manage your expectations.